Exam season is approaching again, students preparing for the 10th, 12th and various entrance exams are in feverish activity. So, some suggestions on how to take care of the eyes during this time are definitely in order.Read also – With students in turmoil, American teachers train in mental health
Dr Shibu Varkey, MS, DNB, DO, FRCS (UK) Regional Medical Director, MaxiVision Eye Hospitals shares eye care tips you should follow during exam season. Read also – How the Indian tricolor helped Pakistani and Turkish students escape from war-torn Ukraine | Watch
- Sleep deficit: A minimum of 7 hours of sleep is essential to maintain good health for the eyes as well as for the whole body and mind, lack of sleep leads to eye problems like recurring blisters (eye boils), which causes pain and swelling of the eyelid and results in loss of study time.
Pro tip: Plan and manage study time to get enough sleep. Read also – NTSE Stage 2 Result 2021: NCERT will publish the final results on February 18 | Details inside
- Food deficiency: Students tend to skip meals or depend on fast foods, nutritional deficiencies tend to cause fatigue and loss of concentration and again affect the eyes with blepharitis, dry eyes and eyelid infections # eat healthy meals and balanced at regular intervals. Foods rich in vitamins A, D, E, B complex, minerals and Omega 3 are essential for students preparing for exams.
- Dehydration: Due to the intensity of studying, some students forget to drink enough water and fluids, which leads to dehydration and frequent headaches, inability to concentrate, and tired eyes.
Pro tip: Drink at least 3 to 3.75 liters of liquids a day.
- Postural problems: Poor posture affects the neck, shoulders, lower back, and eyes, especially in students who have poor eye muscle balance and astigmatism.
Pro tip: Study preferably in a seated position with feet firmly on the floor, arms and shoulders well supported and deliver at least 20 inches from eye, book held at 60 degrees. Take short breaks to stretch.
- Duration of the study: The stress on the eye muscles during 8 hours of study is equal to the stress on the leg muscles during a 50-60 km run. Thus, studying without rest for 10-12 hours causes intense pressure on the eye muscles and has now been shown to be linked to the development of myopia (glass power), eye muscle spasms, eye fatigue , inability to focus the eyes, eye pain and headaches.
Pro tip: Take short breaks every 30 minutes and look at distant objects for 10 seconds to relax eye muscles.
- Digital eye strain: Previously known as computer vision syndrome, it is very common among students these days. Redness, irritation, foreign body sensation in the eye are the main symptoms. When computers or smartphones are used for long periods of time, the tears in the eyes gradually evaporate. Normally, a person blinks around 20 times per minute, but when using a computer and cell phone, the blink rate drops to once or twice per minute. This reduces the replenishment of evaporated tears and causes dry eye syndrome. Air conditioning also removes moisture from the skin and eyes and leads to dryness.
- Students who use computers and cell phones should be careful to follow the 20 20 20 20 rule.
- Hold the device 20 inches from the eye.
- pause for 20 seconds every 20 minutes
- look at any object 20 feet away.
- flashes 20 times per minute
- The air conditioning should be turned off frequently and should never blow directly into the face.